✅I like dark chocolate, but my friend likes milk chocolate.
We use the present simple:
- 1️⃣ to talk about something that is true in the present,
✅I love you.
- 2️⃣to talk about general facts that are always true and permanent (or we think that they are),
✅Two times two is four. (general fact)
✅Mount Everest is the highest mountain. (general fact)
✅Taylor Swift is the Queen of Pop. (opinion)
- 3️⃣to talk about regular or habitual events,
✅When I wake up, I brush my teeth. (habitual)
✅When I wake up, birds sing and the sun shines through my bedroom window. (regular)
✅Do you smoke? I don’t smoke anymore. (habitual)
- 4️⃣to talk about a timetable or a fixed plan,
✅My school starts at 9 am.
✅The train leaves at 8.20 am.
- 5️⃣to give instructions or directions,
✅Please finish this task and help Peter. (instructions)
✅Take the first left, then walk across the bridge. (directions)
- 6️⃣in the first and the zero conditionals.
✅(If/When) you come, we will play together.
✅(If/When) you touch snow, it melts.
|Subject||Auxiliary verb||Main verb|
|+||I, you, we, they||like||chocolate.|
|He, she, it||likes||chocolate.|
|–||I, you, we, they||do||not||like||chocolate.|
|He, she, it||does||not||like||chocolate.|
|?||Do||I, you, we, they||like||chocolate?|
|Does||he, she, it||like||chocolate?|
Present simple positive
|Positive||Positive Short Form||Negative||Negative short form|
|I am||I‘m||I am not||I‘m not|
|you are||you‘re||you are not||you aren’t|
|he is||he‘s||he is not||he isn’t|
|she is||she‘s||she is not||she isn’t|
|it is||it‘s||it is not||it isn’t|
|we are||we‘re||we are not||we aren’t|
|they are||they‘re||they are not||they aren’t|
All other present simple verbs
(he/she/it – add an extra ‘s’)
|Positive Short Form
(You only add ‘not’)
|Negative short form
(Use don’t or doesn’t)
|I like / I go||–||I do not go||I don’t go|
|you like / you go||–||you do not go||you don’t go|
|he likes / he goes||–||he does not go||he doesn’t go|
|she likes / she goes||–||she does not go||she doesn’t go|
|it likes / it goes||–||it does not go||it doesn’t go|
|we like / we go||–||we do not go||we don’t go|
|they like / they go||–||they do not go||they don’t go|
Present simple negative
✅I do not like this.
✅You do not like this.
✅ We do not like this.
✅He does not like this.
✅She does not like this.
The short form
✅I don’t know.
✅You don’t know.
✅They don’t know.
✅He doesn’t know.
✅ She doesn’t know.
Present simple questions
|Yes / No Questions|
✅Do I like parties?
✅Do you like ice cream?
✅Do they know where to go?
✅Does he live far away?
✅Does she need our help?
✅Where do I live?
✅What time do you want me to be there?
✅When does she need to be back home?
✅Why do they travel by bus?
✅Who does she want to see?
✅How much does the ticket cost?
✅Who lives in Birmingham?
✅Who plays tennis every week?
✅Who is ready?
✅Where is your house?
✅What time is the party?
✅When is the next bank holiday?
✅Why is the window open?
✅How many people are there?